50% Of Africa’s Wealth Revolves Around 3 Countries Only

50% Of Africa's Wealth Revolves Around 3 Countries Only
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Some recent findings have revealed that over half of Africa’s combined wealth and generated GDP is being controlled and revolves around three nations which had been reported the Africa Wealth Report 2022 (pdf) which had been published by the United Kigdom investment consultancy firm Henley & Partners in partnership with South African wealth intelligence firm New World Wealth.

The countries which are namely South Africa, Egypt, and Nigeria have been reported to respectively command over $651 billion, $307 billion, and $228 billion in private wealth make up $1.18 trillion which also translates to an estimated 56% of Africa’s $2.1 trillion total wealth, which has been found to be different from GDP, which is a monetary measure of the market value of all the goods and services produced in a specific time period in a country. Morocco and Kenya are also close the top five list in the continent with their total private wealth which has been estimated to be worth over $125 billion and $91 billion, respectively.

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Dominic Volek who is the group head of the private clients at Henley & Partners had also noted in the report that “From a global perspective, South Africa, Nigeria, and Egypt were among the top 15 nationalities in terms of the inquiries Henley & Partners received last year. South Africa was in 5th place globally, with growth of 38% in 2021, Nigeria in 7th place with growth of 15% and Egypt in 14th place with growth of 25%,”

To also show how the top wealthiest countries affect the continent’s total wealth, in the past decade, South Africa, Egypt, and Nigeria have had also reportedly had a negative private wealth growth rate of -12%, -23%, and -27% respectively which had been leading to a 7% decline in Africa’s wealth growth since 2011.

South Africa is also the home to over twice as many dollar millionaires as any other African country and yhe approximate number of people with net assets of $1 million or more (or what the survey calls high net worth individuals) living in Africa is estimated to be 136,000 but those whose assets are worth more than $10 million are 6,700 and only 305 known Africans actually own private property which is worth at least $100 million with the content only having 21 dollar billionaires.

The top five cities where most dollar millionaires live are Johannesburg, Cairo, Cape Town, Lagos, and Nairobi at 16,000, 8,200, 6,900, 5,500 and 5,400 respectively.

According to the firm’s South Africa managing partner Amanda Smit, over the past decade, Mauritius was “the fastest growing wealth market in Africa in percentage growth terms, with growth of 74% between 2011 and 2021.”

The island nation also has the highest wealth per capita in Africa of $34,500

New World Wealth has predicted a healthy wealth growth of 38% for Africa in the next decade, and eastern African countries are projected to anchor this rise, with “over 60% growth expected in Uganda and Rwanda by 2031, and over 50% in Kenya and Zambia.”

It adds that this will be driven by strong growth in the technology and professional services sectors.

“South Africa is home to the largest luxury market in Africa by revenue, followed by Kenya and then Morocco,” the report says. The African wealth management market is projected to grow by 60% over the next decade.

The report has also posited that Africa’s highest wealth had been recorded in 2012 at $2.4 trillion while 2017 had the highest number of dollar millionaires at 148,000. But the continent has been heavily criticized for minting millionaires and leaving out hundreds of millions of citizens in poverty.

 

Africa Daily News, New York

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