Reminiscing An Icon: ‘Cardinal’ Rex Jim Lawson (1935-1971)

Reminiscing An Icon - 'Cardinal' Rex Jim Lawson (1935-1971)
'Cardinal' Rex Jim Lawson
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Among the musicians that dominated the music scene in Nigeria in the 1960s, the late Cardinal Rex Jim Lawson is believed to be the most outstanding. In his time, his contemporaries could not match the touch he added to highlife, a music genre that morphed from the foxtrot and calypso with Ghanaian rhythms known only among the local African aristocracy in the mid-19th century to dance and guitar bands that all classes of the society could relate to. 

Rex Lawson was in his 20s when he became a household name in Nigeria. He was an emotional and philosophical singer who displayed mastery in conveying deep meanings through the trumpet, the alto saxophone and his haunting voice.

At the time he held sway, Rex Lawson was recognised as the people’s artiste because of his ability to compose and sing in different dialects. He sang in Efik, Kalabari, Izon, Igbo, several Ghanaian dialects and Pidgin English. In the 1960s his records came in quick succession and were played back to back on Radio Nigeria, besides several live performances he did in Radio Lagos studios. His songs were party favourites of the time and were loved by even those who did not understand the dialects he sang in. Yet, his songs dwelt on family values, love, hard work and morality.

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Early Life As A Sickler

Born as Erikosima Jim Lawson on 4 March 1938, his father was of the Kalabari ethnic group in present-day Rivers State while his mother was an Igbo from Owerri, Imo state. It is said that his name, pronounced as ‘Eriko-sima’, actually means, ‘do not name this one’ because of his father’s conviction that the sickly boy would live beyond infancy and the prevalent ‘Ogbanje’ culture at that time. A pattern of deaths had claimed his first three children. At the time, the young Rex was battling severe smallpox infection. His mother was however determined to see him live. She was said to have sought the assistance of medicine men from outside the Kalabari community for treatment, this resulted in the mutilation of his toe to mark him in case he returned.

Finally, her efforts paid off as Rex survived and lived beyond infancy.

 

Foray Into Music

After his primary school education in Buguma, Rex Lawson is said to have rejected his father’s suggestion and plea that he proceed to high school, and perhaps, the university. For him, going to school would either slow or ultimately derail his plans to become a great musician. Mrs. Daba Lawson, his elder sister, also joined his father to plead with him for a change of heart, but he rebuffed their entreaties.

It is recorded that Daba’s husband, who was a pastor in the church he attended in Buguma, noticed his budding talent, enrolled him in the church band, and taught him trumpeting. At that time, the young Rex was also a member of the music band of Christ Army School, Bakana – Kalabari along with the late Sunny Brown who would later become his sidekick and the best trumpeter in the group.

Most of the melodious trumpeting in Rex’ songs are believed to have been performed by Brown who in a later interview confessed that while he was good with the trumpet, he could not match Rex’ haunting voice.

From Buguma, Young master Rex made his way to Port Harcourt and subsequently found a place among the band boys of the popular Lord Eddyson who was then the leader and owner of Starlight Melody Orchestra.

Rex would later move to Lagos, which was the heart of the Nigerian entertainment life.

He has a short stint in Yaba, Lagos where he played with professional heavyweights such as Sammy Obot, Bobby Benson, Chris Ajilo, and Victor Olaiya. After which he left for Ghana to further improve on what he had learnt from these highlife greats.

On his return to Nigeria in the early 1960s, he formed the Mayor’s Band, which later became known as the Rivers Men.

The band had Sunny Brown credited as the best trumpeter in the group and Tony Odilli who played the conga and is the only surviving member of the band, among others. They were an instant success and in high demand. They received invitations to perform across the country, even extending to neighboring Cameroun and Forte Lamy in Chad.

 

From Pastor To Bishop To Cardinal

As his fame grew, so also did his teeming fans give him befitting titles. At a point, he was nicknamed Pastor Jim Rex Lawson, then Bishop, before finally taking on the title ‘Cardinal’. In an uncut interview on Voice of America (VOA) recorded for music specialist Leo Sarkisan in August 1965, Tunde Sowande, the Nigerian interviewer, asked Rex how he came about the title Cardinal. His reply was that his fans gave him the nickname because of the way he performed religiously.

 

Life During The War
At the time, some of his exceptional hits that dominated the airwaves were Angelina pay my money, Baby Play Me Wayo, So Ala Teme,  Bere Bote, Ibinabo and Jolly Papa.
Before the Nigerian civil war, Lawson had recorded well over 100 songs that were regularly played on radio and nightclubs across the country and beyond.
During the war proper, he also recorded many hits, some of which could be described as ego massage of the military elite. One of them was Hail Biafra, which he sang in praise of Lieutenant Colonel Odimegwu Ojukwu.
He is also credited for being the first to play the Biafran national anthem at the proclamation of Biafra’s secession on May 30, 1967.
With the liberation of Rivers from the Biafran captors in 1968, Lawson also composed a heart-rending song Major Boro to mourn the Ijaw nationalist Major Jasper Adaka Boro, who is largely credited for the successful military strategy that liberated the present day Rivers State from its Biafran captors, but suddenly died in controversial circumstances.
He also sang Gowon Special in praise of the then military head of state, General Yakubu Gowon, when Rivers was firmly in the grip of the federal forces under the control of the commander of the Third Marine Commando, Brigadier Benjamin Adekunle nicknamed “the scorpion”. Towards the end of the war, Rex travelled to the United Kingdom where he recorded his last album, Rex Lawson in London.
The Weeping Musician
Rex Lawson was known to be very emotional while performing on stage often bursting into wailing tears, He is  also celebrated for his contagious sociability, his musical vision, faculty, perseverance and raw individuality. In the typical Highlife band, the trumpet often played a leading function in the music. Rex, was however, an exception and deviated from this path by frequently featuring alto saxophone solos in his songs. In time, he spotted a good hand in the late Sunny Brown who was his alto saxophonist and to whom he conceded the solo in many of his later songs.
Ill-Fated Death
Rex was said to have signed a contract to perform live in Warri at a place called Runny Bay on Saturday, January 16, 1971. The contract was signed on Friday, January 15. He asked his band members to proceed to Warri ahead of him while he stayed back to sort some issues bordering on a loan he was to obtain from the Rivers State government. His decision to tarry a while was based on information from officials of the state government that a bus, which was composed of the loan would be delivered to him before the close of work that same Friday. When the vehicle delivery did not happen that day, he waited till the next day – Saturday, January 16, since in those days Saturday was also a workday. By mid-afternoon when no information on the status of the bus came, he left for the statehouse to ascertain the true state of things himself. By the time he was convinced that the vehicle would not be released that day, he made arrangements for another vehicle to take him to Warri to meet up with the performance slated for later that night. It was already around 6 pm.
His sidekick, the late Sunny Brown who was also supposed to join him on the trip refused to, on the excuse that it was too late to embark on the journey to Warri at that time of the day. But Rex was determined and went on to charter a vehicle for the ill-fated trip.
On their way, they stopped to eat at Boji Boji Agbor and the driver had some reasonable quantity of drink. Unlike now that there are wide highways, in those days there were only huge trees left and right on the way. When they continued the journey after eating, the drunk driver crashed into a tree. He hit the huge tree on the side that Rex was seated and the shad of the broken windscreen went straight into his head. He was the only one that died even though the splinter was not more than 2 inches long. He was 33 years old at the time. It was a very sad day.

 

His body was taken to the Eku Hospital in Warri where he was confirmed dead on arrival. The next day, the body was repatriated from the Hospital and brought back to Port Harcourt by the Alfred Diete-Spiff administration. Information about the late musician’s death threw the entire community into mourning when it came.

Though it is customary for the bodies of indigenes of Buguma to be interred in a massive expanse across the river, the military authorities at the time insisted Rex be buried in the town. They even wanted the body to be interred in the town square but the community objected, arguing that it was not customary. A compromise was finally reached and a final resting place was selected in a conspicuous part of the community. On the site of the original resting place now stands a bronze statue of him holding his trademark trumpet.

 

Legacies

Though a street is named after him in Borokiri, a suburb of the city of Port Harcourt just south of Old GRA, other recognitions accorded him are the setting up of a Rex Lawson Chair in the music department of the University of Port Harcourt in 2012. The department also organises a yearly highlife event that brings music lovers from far and near to the institution to share ideas and reflect on the legacy of the late music icon.

Under the current administration of Governor Nyesom Wike, the Rivers State Ultra- Modern Cultural Center in Port Harcourt was renamed Rex Lawson Cultural Center. The Ooni of Ife, Adeyeye Enitan Ogunwusi who is also a Rex Lawson fan, was in attendance and did the inauguration on Saturday, June 2, 2018.

His music is loved to this day in Nigeria. His songs are regularly performed and danced at live band shows in Nigeria, and a number of young musicians have remixed some of his old hits, and his relevance continues to be felt. The single “Sawale” was a hit all over Africa and has been remixed in various Africa countries like Ethiopia and also by popular highlife maestro Flavour N’abania to make the popular hit song, “Nwa Baby (Ashawo)”.

 

AFRICA DAILY NEWS, NEW YORK

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